A. History of the Recreation of Soccer
Nobody is certain the place and what nation first performed this sport. Many nations have argued against the claims for this sport. Just like the Historic Indians on the American continent, they’ve long had a habit of taking part in games which are performed by many people and on this game using objects in the form of objects fabricated from rubber latex to be kicked or kicked. Meanwhile, in Asia, the traditional Chinese and Japanese people have additionally long used a ball product of rubber as a ritual gear for their beliefs. In Europe, the Romans have also long known the sport of kicking or kicking a medium / round object. The place during their spare time, the Roman soldiers competed to kick / kick the human skulls of their enemies who had been killed. During its improvement, the skull object was replaced with an object that would perform as a ball and not injury the legs.
It was solely within the 19th century. In England, educated young folks in faculties and universities such because the University of Cambridge London introduced the game of football utilizing the format and guidelines of contemporary football (Agus Salim, 2007: 11-14).
On October 26, 1863, the official football body, The Soccer Association (FA) was established in the metropolis of Cambridge, England. Meanwhile, on May 21, 1905, at the initiative of Guirin from France, the International Federation of The Soccer Affiliation (FIFA) was formed where the seven sponsor nations in addition to the primary members were France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Denmark, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland. Then FIFA in 1930 organized the championship of world football for the first time, which was held in Uruguay and at the identical time became the champion of the soccer championship for the primary time. Moreover, the world football championship is known as the World Cup which is held each Four years.
B. Principal Goal of the Sport of Soccer
Rating targets in opposition to opponents
The primary goal of the soccer recreation is to attain as many goals as potential against the opponent’s aim. Objectives can occur as long as the ball has crossed the opponent’s goal line. By scoring more goals than the opposing team, our team will win the soccer match.
Prevents the aim from conceding a aim
Other than scoring targets, a crew should forestall goals from being conceded. In other words, stopping your opponent from scoring against us. The goalkeeper is the player answerable for blocking the opponent’s probabilities, while different players also have to dam the opponent’s attacks.
Football is a group sport played by 11 gamers on the sector. Soccer strategic ways additionally require a team to work collectively to achieve targets. It’s no marvel that growing teamwork is without doubt one of the goals of different football games.
Preserve sports activities sportsmanship
Football extremely values sportsmanship or truthful play. Because of this, soccer matches have to be conducted fairly and sportily and uphold the principle of truthful play. Onerous collisions or friction can be made, however competitors only occurs on the sphere and must remain sporty after the match is over.
Maintain well being and health
Soccer is a fitness sport. Gamers who play this sport can even profit within the form of health and health, be it professional players, semi-professional players to even amateurs.
Obtain achievements and titles
A soccer crew plays soccer also to have the ability to obtain achievements within the form of a champion title in the competition or event that’s being adopted. For instance, big European clubs similar to Barcelona or Actual Madrid which have gained dozens of titles and trophies in numerous tournaments which were followed.
Football is changing into a universal sport. With football, it could possibly additionally enhance the unity of a nation, for instance when the Indonesian nationwide crew competes, the community will unite to provide help. This can also be seen in other nations, particularly during big events such because the World Cup.
Carrying out a world peace mission
Football is becoming the most well-liked sport on the planet. Generally sport additionally aims to carry out a mission of peace. This may be seen in each international tournament campaigned by soccer gamers and gamers. Several peace campaigns in the sport of football, for instance, anti-racism campaigns to silence for catastrophe victims.
C. Basic Football Video games
The sport of football is among the hottest sports on the planet. Internationally, soccer is named “Soccer” or “Soccer”. In a match, soccer is performed by two teams, each of which tries to get the ball into the opponent’s objective. Every group consists of eleven players, so a bunch in football can also be referred to as a group (Adrian R. Nugraha, 2010: 64).
There are several guidelines in the game of soccer that it’s essential know are:
– Recreation Field
A soccer area have to be 100 – 130 yards long and 50 – 100 yards extensive.
The balls used are 27-28 inches in diameter and 14-16 ounces in weight. And in addition other tools such as sportswear, shorts, socks, shin guards and footwear.
– Sport start
To start the game the player must take a kick from the middle point.
In the recreation of soccer, the sport is led by a referee and assisted by two line judges.
Goals are scored when the ball crosses the whole goal line, between the goalposts and below the crossbar. Every purpose counts as one score, (Joseph A. Luxbacher, 2004: 2 – 4)
– Long Game
For normal adult matches, the sport consists of two innings of 45 minutes each. There’s usually a 15 minute break between the 2 halves.
In line with Juari, Wagino, and Sukiri, (2010: 16), the sport of football is carried out by two groups, each workforce consisting of 11 players and several other reserve players. Each participant in each staff tries to stop the opposing facet from coming into the ball into the online and tries to get as many balls into the opponent’s objective.
Here are some rules for taking part in soccer:
1) The ball used is round and lightweight colored
2) Ball materials manufactured from rubber, leather, or other related supplies which are not harmful
3) The circle of the ball is 68-71 cm
4) The load of the ball is 396-458 grams
5) Ball air stress 0.60-0.70 atmospheres
6) Length of play is 2 x 45 minutes with a rest of 10 minutes
7) The sphere is rectangular, with a length of 90-120 meters and a width of 45-90 meters. Juari, Wagino, and Sukiri, (2010: 16)
D. Mini Soccer Sport For 10-12 Years Old Youngsters
The development of the game of soccer has undergone many changes and is modified in keeping with the needs / who’s taking part in it. For elementary college kids, after all, a unique football game is needed than the original game, so a modification of the mini soccer sport seems, the place the foundations are adjusted to the bodily progress of elementary college children.
The forms of mini soccer games for elementary college children aged 10-12 are as follows:
1. The sphere measures 50 x 65 meters
2. There is no such thing as a objective space
3. The penalty area measures 14 x 33 meters
4. The wicket is 2 x 6
5. The size of play is 2 x 25 minutes
6. There is no such thing as a off facet
7.No throw-in. The ball is kicked into play with the opponent at the very least 6 meters away from the ball
8. All free kicks are taken indirectly
9. No penalty kick
10. Aim kick might be taken from any route contained in the penalty space
11. The variety of players is 9 folks, with the composition of 1 goalkeeper, Three defenders, 2 midfielders and 2 forwards, (Juari, Wagino and Sukiri, 2010: 16).
Based on Moch Dasuki (2004: 15-17), the type of soccer for elementary faculty children is as follows:
a. Discipline measurement 50 x 70 meters
b. The peak of the aim is 2 meters and the width of the purpose is 2 meters
c. The ball dimension used is
– Circumference: 64 – 66 cm
– Weight: 320 – 360 cm
– Pressure: 64 – 66 lbs
– Color: black white / blue white
d. The sport is held in 2 rounds, every spherical is 20 minutes with a break time of 5 minutes
e. The start of the sport begins with the primary kick or kick off taken at the midpoint, before a draw is carried out.
E. Primary Techniques in Soccer Video games
A football participant must have data of the proper rules and approach mastery. With the correct mastery of approach, a participant will produce a great and delightful sport.
The basic strategies in football must be owned by a player who will later assist the sport in a workforce, According to Sucipto et al, (2000: 17 – 36) a few of the strategies that football players have to have are:
Various sorts of primary soccer movements
a. Kicking (Kicking)
Kicking is one of the most dominant soccer game methods. The aim of kicking the ball is to go, shoot on the aim (capturing on the aim), and sweep to thwart the opponent’s attack (sweeping). Judging from the phrases of the foot to the ball, there are several sorts of kicking, namely:
1. Kick together with your inner foot
On this technique, the foot hits the ball proper at the ankle and proper in the course of the ball.
2. Kick with the surface of the foot
The contact of the foot to the ball is correct on the instep of the skin of the foot and right in the midst of the ball, when it’s in contact with the ball the ankle is straightened.
3. Kick with the instep
Touch of the foot to the ball right on the instep of the complete foot and proper in the middle of the ball, when it hits the ball the ankle is straightened.
4. Kick with the again of the foot in the contact of the foot to the ball proper on the back of the foot inside and right at the bottom middle of the ball and when the foot hits the ball, ankle straightened
b. Stopping the Ball (Management / Stopping)
In general, the body parts used to stop the ball are the legs, thighs and chest. The parts of the foot which can be commonly used to stop the ball are:
1.Stopping the ball together with your inside foot
The part used to stop the ball is the inside / ankles.
2.Stopping the ball along with your outdoors foot
The a part of the foot that is used to stop the ball is the facet of the instep.
3.Stopping the ball with the instep
The a part of the foot used to stop the ball is the complete instep.
4.Stopping the ball along with your foot
Stopping the ball with the only of the foot or by stepping on the ball.
Step 5: Stop the ball together with your thigh
By lifting the thigh when the ball comes, then when the ball hits the thigh, the thigh is lowered in the course of the ball.
6.Chest the ball
The ball is thrown ahead going through the incoming ball, when the ball hits the chest, the chest is flexed in the direction of the ball.
Mainly, dribbling is kicking the ball intermittently or slowly, due to this fact the part of the foot that’s utilized in dribbling the same because the foot used for kicking the ball, particularly dribbling utilizing the inside foot, dribbling with the outer foot, and dribble
using the instep.
d. Heading the ball (Heading)
Mainly heading the ball is playing the ball utilizing the head. The aim of heading the ball in a soccer game is to move, score goals, and to break the opponent’s attack / throw the ball.
e. Tackling the Ball (Tackling)
Seizing the ball is an try to grab the ball from the opponent’s management. Seizing the ball might be carried out while standing (standing tackling) and while sliding (sliding tackling).
The throw-in is the only technique in a soccer recreation that’s played with an arm from outdoors the enjoying discipline. In addition to being easy to play the ball, from throwing into the off side does not apply. Throw-ins will be finished with or without the start, both with your ft parallel or one leg forward.
In addition to the techniques above, there are not any ball techniques that a soccer participant should have, together with:
a. Run quick and change route
A soccer player needs to grasp working expertise. These are fundamental abilities with out boasting that should be practiced ceaselessly. Velocity and agility could be educated by operating forwards and backwards (shuttle-run), zig-zag, and squat-standing (squat thrust).
b. Jumping and hopping
Leaping and jumping movements are used when a player is avoiding teckling from an opponent, or when taking the ball with a header.
c. Stealth without the ball / feints
This movement is related to the agility of a player when transferring to place.
d. Motion for a goalkeeper
Goalkeepers will need to have agility in transferring when anticipating opponent assaults.
5. Fundamental Techniques of Feeding the Ball in a Football Sport
Kicking is among the dominant techniques in soccer. One of the targets of kicking in a soccer sport is to cross (Sucipto et al, 2000: 17).
The main purpose of passing is to circulate the ball to create opportunities to attain objectives and so that opposing players do not simply achieve control of the ball because the ball is moved away from the opponent by passing.
Komarudin, (2011: 3). The technique of feeding the ball may be divided into three phases as follows:
a. Initial Stage / Perspective
1) Stand ready dealing with the goal behind the ball.
2) The foot is to the aspect of the ball.
3) The kicking foot is to the facet of the back of the ball (Sucipto et al, 2000: 18).
b. Core Stage / Perspective
1) The pedestal is slightly bent.
2) The kick leg is pulled back and swing on the ball.
3) The introduction of the foot to the ball proper in front of the ankle.
4) The impact of the ball in the course of the ball (Sucipto et al, 2000: 18).
c. Last Stage / Attitude
1) Further movement of the kicking leg is lifted dealing with the goal.
2) The view follows the route of the ball
3) The arms are open at the sides of the body (Sucipto et al, 2000: 18).
F. Fundamental Strategies of Stopping the Ball in Soccer Games
Stopping the ball is among the techniques in a soccer recreation that goals to obtain the ball (management), which incorporates setting the tempo of the sport, diverting the pace of play and making it simpler to pass, (Sucipto et al, 2000: 22). The methods for stopping the ball will be divided into three levels as follows:
a. Preliminary Stage / Angle
1) The place of the physique is able to be in line with the direction of the ball.
2) The foot is pointing towards the ball with the knee slightly bent.
3) The stopping leg is slightly behind the fulcrum, (Sucipto et al, 2000: 22).
b. Core Stage / Angle
1) The stop leg is raised and extended ahead with the half leg
in dealing with the route of the ball.
2) The ball touches the foot on the inside / entrance of the ankle.
3) The stopping foot follows the route of the ball.
4) The stopping leg with the ball stops under the body (managed), (Sucipto et al, 2000: 22).
c. Closing Stage / Perspective
1) The view follows the ball’s course till the ball comes to relaxation.
2) The arms are opened for steadiness.
3) The ball doesn’t bounce far from the feet (Sucipto et al, 2000: 22).
G. Factors Affecting the Degree of Mastery of Football Enjoying Abilities
Everyone has completely different goals in learning soccer abilities. This is influenced by a number of elements that affect it. Within the achievement of a ability, these factors are generally divided into three, such as: studying process components, personal components and situational (environmental) components, Amung Ma’mun, Yudha M. Saputra, (2000: 70). These three components are believed to have been the primary determinants for achieving success and studying a ability. Under, we describe all of those components.
1. Learning Process Factors (Studying Course of)
An excellent studying process, in fact, must assist the efforts to incarnate studying for every participant. Within the case of motion studying, the educational process that must be created is that which is carried out based mostly on the levels outlined by the educational theory which is believed to be true and is selected based on the value of its benefits. In each learning process, using totally different methods based mostly on the subject matter.
2. Private Factor (Personal Issue)
Each particular person (particular person) is a unique individual, each by way of bodily, mental, emotional, and abilities. As well as, everyone seems to be an individual who has completely different traits, abilities, pursuits, tendencies and talents. So within the means of studying many movement skills are also decided by the characteristics or skills and talents of the particular person involved.
The better the skills and abilities of a child, the simpler it will be to grasp these expertise. According to Singer in Amung Ma’mun and Yudha M Saputra, (2000: 72-74), there are about 12 personal factors which are intently related to the achievement of expertise, among others are: Sensory acuity, notion, intelligence, bodily dimension, past expertise , skills, feelings, motivation, attitudes, gender, age and other personal components.
3. Situational Issue (Situational Factor)
In fact, the situational elements that can influence the educational situations are extra centered on environmental conditions. The situational factors embrace: the kind of activity given, the equipment used including the educational media, and the encircling circumstances during which the educational is held. In observe, these components will have an effect on the educational course of and the kid’s personal condition, all of which work mutually supportive and or vice versa. Using learning gear and media, for example, will straight or not directly have an effect on college students’ curiosity and seriousness in taking part within the studying course of, which in turn will have an effect on the outcomes of studying these skills. Apart from the above, to have the ability to play soccer well, it requires supporting factors reminiscent of genetic elements, self-discipline in coaching and a coach.
These components will at all times be there and affect, should you can manage them effectively, someone will have the ability to master the abilities to play football properly, even change into a fantastic football player.
a. Genetic Components
Each person’s bodily skills and posture are different from one another. That is caused by genetic elements from his dad and mom. In the world of football that is very influential. A player with a small body posture, he will easily go the opponent however have problem reaching the highest balls. As well as, the pace in running does not rule out the possibility of being sluggish when compared to players with high postures. Likewise, gamers who are too tall additionally expertise their very own obstacles and difficulties in enjoying football. In contrast to players who have perfect our bodies. Even so, whether large or small posture if we nonetheless wish to practice then these deficiencies shall be covered.
b. Self-discipline in Train
Self-discipline is a crucial consider soccer observe. The power of a person who is nice if balanced with self-discipline in coaching, this potential will improve too.
c. Coach Factor
Behind a victory within the sport of soccer, in fact, it cannot be separated from a coach. The presence of a coach who gives enthusiasm in a match. In apply, the flexibility of a coach to offer training supplies which might be simply accepted by players will make it simpler for players to master the talents realized.