Football, officially known as association football, is a sport that uses balls generally made of leather and is played by two teams each consisting of 11 (eleven) core players and a few reserve players. Entering the 21st century, this sport has been played by more than 250 million people in 200 countries, which makes it the most popular sport in the world. Football aims to score as many goals as possible by entering the ball into the opponent’s goal. Football is played in a rectangular open field, on grass or artificial turf.
In general, only the goalkeeper has the right to touch the ball with his hand or arm inside the net, while the other 10 (ten) players are allowed to use their whole body apart from their hands, usually with their feet to kick, chest to control, and head to head the ball. The team that scores the most goals at the end of the match wins. If until the end of time there is a draw, then a draw, extra time or penalty shootout can be made, depending on the format of the championship. From an official match, 3 points are awarded to the winning team, 0 points to the losing team and 1 point each to the two teams that draw. However, the winner of a soccer match can be canceled at any time due to scandal and criminal acts that prove later. A soccer match can be won automatically by a team by 3-0 if the opposing team intentionally withdraws from the match (Walk Out).
The general competition rules are updated annually by the parent international football organization (FIFA), which also organizes the World Cup every four years.
History of the sport of football
The history of the sport of football (kicking ball game) dates back to the 2nd and 3rd century BC in China. During the Han dynasty, people dribbled leather balls by kicking them into small nets. A similar game is also played in Japan as Kemari. In Italy, the game of kicking and carrying the ball was also popular, especially from the 16th century.
Modern football began to develop in England by setting ground rules and became very popular with many people. In some competitions, this game caused so much violence during the game that finally King Edward III banned the sport from being played in 1365. King James I of Scotland also supported a ban on playing football. In 1815, a major development caused football to become famous in universities and schools. The birth of modern football took place at the Freemasons Tavern in 1863 when 11 schools and clubs got together and formulated standard rules for the game. At the same time, there is a clear separation between the sport of rugby and football (soccer). In 1869, carrying the ball by hand began to be prohibited in football. During the 1800’s, the sport was brought by British sailors, merchants and soldiers to various parts of the world. In 1904, the highest association of world football (FIFA) was formed and in the early 1900s, various competitions were played in various countries. This sport was also popular especially from the 16th century.
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